SPLASH!® milk science update: January 2018 Issue

This month’s issue features vitamin K in dairy, breastfeeding and multiple sclerosis, diabetes and dairy, and iron in milk.

Dairy Products are a Good Dietary Source of Some Types of Vitamin K 

Dairy Products are a Good Dietary Source of Some Types of Vitamin K 

We all know vitamins are good for us. Some vitamins covet the stage of public awareness and rarely relinquish the limelight. If not consumed in sufficient quantities, they threaten dire health consequences for nonbelievers, children and small noisy dogs. Other vitamins, like vitamin K, are lost in the extrovert vitamin ABCD crowd and struggle to be heard. Their message, however, is equally profound for good health in humans. The paradox is that vitamin deficiency remains for many people a significant health and nutrition issue even in the presence of an abundance of food. Moreover, scientists continue to discover new biological roles of vitamins and new food sources containing different molecular forms of known vitamins, which together cause the regular revision of recommended daily intake levels. Read More...

Exclusive Breastfeeding Cuts Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Rates

Exclusive Breastfeeding Cuts Multiple Sclerosis Relapse Rates

As an immunological disease that is usually diagnosed before the age of 40 in about three times as many women as men, multiple sclerosis (MS) affects many individuals who hope to carry a child to term and nurture it thereafter. In the 1950s, experts assumed that pregnancy would be nothing but harmful to these women. Many studies since then have demonstrated that the risk of an MS relapse actually plummets during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester, only to increase again after birth. Recently, a large study in Germany also found that exclusive breastfeeding for at least two months diminishes the odds of relapse for six months after the baby is born. Understanding the immunological changes taking place that mediate these shifting risks may eventually lead to novel treatments. Read More...

Glycemic Status, Type of Dairy and Risk of Diabetes

Glycemic Status, Type of Dairy and Risk of Diabetes

Diabetes is a major public health problem that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Diet is known to influence the risk of diabetes, and researchers have been trying to understand how dietary changes could help prevent type 2 diabetes and other cardiometabolic diseases. “My research program has a long history of investigating the relationship between diet and cardiometabolic risk,” says Paul F. Jacques, program director of nutritional epidemiology and senior scientist at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University. Read More...

Do Breastfed Infants Need Extra Iron?

Do Breastfed Infants Need Extra Iron?

Breast milk is considered the gold standard for human infant nutrition. But at some point, even “white gold” cannot suffice as the only source of nutrition, and infants must begin to take in complementary foods to support their growth and development. When that point is, however, remains a matter of debate centered largely on the availability of one particular micronutrient—iron. Read More...