subject: DHA

How Much DHA Should Be in Human Milk?

How Much DHA Should Be in Human Milk?

The goal of infant formula is to mimic breast milk composition. When considering milk components that vary widely across and within populations, whose breast milk should be used as the gold standard? For example, the breast milk concentration of DHA, a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid implicated in brain growth and development, is influenced by DHA in the mother's diet, and diets vary among populations. Read More...

Mother’s Milk Compensates for Smaller Neonates

Mother's Milk Compensates for Smaller Neonates

The placenta and the mammary gland may be separate organs, but they are better viewed as part of a coordinated team, charged with transferring nutrients, immune factors, and other bioactive components to the developing offspring. The placenta manages the first 40 weeks, but if the baby is born prematurely (<37 weeks gestation), the mammary gland works overtime to produce milk with higher concentrations of components that should have come from the placenta. Read More...

Which fats should be in infant formula?

Which fats should be in infant formula?

Human milk fat is made up of over 150 different types of fatty acids. While the mammary gland is able to synthesize many of these fatty acids, others must be supplied by fats in the mother’s diet. As human mothers are not consuming identical diets, it is not surprising that human milk fatty acid profiles vary widely among populations. Read More...