1. Angelucci L, Patacchioli FR, Chierichetti C, Laureti S. (1983) Perinatal mother-offspring pituitary-adrenal interrelationship in rats: corticosterone in milk may affect adult life. Endocrinol Exp 17:191-205.

2. Bartol FF, Wiley AA, Bagnell CA. (2009) Relaxin and maternal lactocrine programming of neonatal uterine development. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1160:158-163.

3. Casolini P, Cigliana G, Alemà GS, Ruggieri V, Angelucci L, Catalani A. (1997. Effect of increased maternal corticosterone during lactation on hippocampal corticosteroid receptors, stress response and learning in offspring in the early stages of life. Neuroscience 79:1005-1012.

4. Catalani A, Casolini P, Cigliana G, Scaccianoce S, Consoli C, Cinque C, Zuena AR, Angelucci L. (2002) Maternal corticosterone influences behavior, stress response and corticosteroid receptors in the female rat. Biochem Behav 73:105-114.

5. Catalani A, Casolini P, Scaccianoce S, Patacchioli FR, Spinozzi P, Angelucci L. (2000) Maternal corticosterone during lactation permanently affects brain corticosteroid receptors, stress response and behaviour in rat progeny. Neuroscience 100:319-325.

6. Catalani A, Marinelli M, Scaccianoce S, Nicolai R, Muscolo LA, Porcu A, Korányi L, Piazza PV, Angelucci L. (1993) Progeny of mothers drinking corticosterone during lactation has lower stress-induced corticosterone secretion and better cognitive performance. Brain Res 624:209-215.

7. Glynn LM, Davis EP, Schetter CD, Chicz-Demet A, Hobel CJ, Sandman CA. (2007) Postnatal maternal cortisol levels predict temperament in healthy breastfed infants. Early Hum Dev 83:675-81.

8. Grey KR, Davis EP, Sandman CA, Glynn LM. (2012) Human milk cortisol is associated with infant temperament. Psychoneuroendocrinology Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2012.11.002.

9. Hinde K & Capitanio JP. (2010) Lactational programming? Mother’s milk predicts infant temperament and behavior. Am J Primatol 72:522-529.

10. Hinde K. (2013) Lactational programming of infant behavioral phenotype In: Primate Developmental Trajectories in Proximate and Ultimate Perspectives. Clancy KBH, Hinde K, Rutherford JN, eds. Springer, New York. pp 187-207.

11. Meerlo P, Horvath KM, Luiten PG, Angelucci L, Catalani A, Koolhaas JM. (2001) Increased maternal corticosterone levels in rats: effects on brain 5-HT1A receptors and behavioral coping with stress in adult offspring. Behav Neurosci 115:1111-1117.

12. Miller DJ, Wiley AA, Chen JC, Bagnell CA, Bartol FF. (2013) Nursing for 48 hours from birth supports porcine uterine gland development and endometrial cell compartment-specific gene expression. Biol Reprod 88:4.

13. Pácha J. (2000) Development of intestinal transport function in mammals. Physiol Rev 80:1633-1667.

14. Sullivan EC, Hinde K, Mendoza SP, Capitanio JP. (2011) Cortisol concentrations in the milk of rhesus monkey mothers are associated with confident temperament in sons, but not daughters. Dev Psychobiol 53:96–104.


Contributed by

Prof. Katie Hinde
Department of Human Evolutionary Biology
Harvard University