1. Dallas DC, Underwood MA, Zivkovic AM, German JB. (2012) Digestion of Protein in Premature and Term Infants. J Nutr Disorders Ther. 2: 2161-0509.

2. Clare DA & Swaisgood HE. (2000) Bioactive milk peptides: a prospectus. J Dairy Sci. 83: 1187-1195.

3. Ferranti P, Traisci MV, Picariello G, Nasi A, Boschi V, Siervo M, Falconi C et al. (2004) Casein proteolysis in human milk: tracing the pattern of casein breakdown and the formation of potential bioactive peptides. J Dairy Res. 71: 74-87.

4. Davidson L. & Lönnerdal B. (1987) Persistence of human milk proteins in the breast-fed infant. Acta Paediatr. 76: 733-740.

5. Macfarlane G. & Allison C. (1986) Utilisation of protein by human gut bacteria. Fems Microbiology Letters. 38: 19-24.

6. Liepke C, Adermann K, Raida M, Magert HJ, Forssmann WG, Zucht HD. (2002) Human milk provides peptides highly stimulating the growth of bifidobacteria. Eur J of Biochem. 269: 712-718.


Contributed by

Dr. Dave Dallas & Prof. Daniela Barile
Dept. of Foods Science & Technology
University of California, Davis