1. Lonnerdal B. (2003) Nutritional and physiologic significance of human milk proteins. Am J Clin Nutr 77:1537S-1543S.

2. Hassiotou F, Geddes DT, Hartmann PE. (2013) Cells in human milk: State of the science. J Hum Lact In press.

3. Donné A. Du lait et en particulier de celui de nourrices, considéré sous le rapport de ses bonnes et de ses mavaises qualités nitritives et de ses altérations. Paris, Rue de Condé. 1837:no 15; Les Libraires de Médecine, Chevalier, Palais Royal, no 163.

4. Hassiotou F, Beltran A, Chetwynd E, Stuebe AM, Twigger AJ, Metzger P, Trengove N et al. (2012) Breastmilk is a novel source of stem cells with multi-lineage differentiation potential. Stem Cells 30:2164-2174.

5. Hassiotou F, Hepworth AR, Metzger P, et al. (2013) Maternal and infant infections stimulate a rapid leukocyte response in breastmilk. Clinical and Translational Immunology In press.

6. Engel S. (1953) An investigation of the origin of the colostrum cells. J Anat 87:362-366.

7. Riskin A, Almog M, Peri R, Halasz K, Srugo I, Kessel A. (2012) Changes in immunomodulatory constituents of human milk in response to active infection in the nursing infant. Pediatr Res 71:220-225.

8. Ramsay DT, Kent JC, Owens RA, Hartmann PE. (2004) Ultrasound imaging of milk ejection in the breast of lactating women. Pediatrics 113:361-367.

9. Jain L, Vidyasagar D, Xanthou M, Ghai V, Shimada S, Blend M. (1989) In vivo distribution of human milk leucocytes after ingestion by newborn baboons. Arch Dis Child 64:930-933.

10. Zhou L, Yoshimura Y, Huang Y, Suzuki R, Yokoyama M, Okabe M, Shimamura M. (2000) Two independent pathways of maternal cell transmission to offspring: Through placenta during pregnancy and by breast-feeding after birth. Immunology 101:570-580.

11. Peroni DG, Chirumbolo S, Veneri D, Piacentini GL, Tenero L, Velia A, Ortolani R. (2013) Colostrum-derived B and T cells as an extra-lymphoid compartment of effector cell populations in humans. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 26:137-142.

12. Boutinaud M & Jammes H. (2002) Potential uses of milk epithelial cells: A review. Reprod Nutr Dev 42:133-147.


Contributed by

Prof. Foteini Hassiotou
Assistant Professor
The University of Western Australia