subject: immunization

COVID-19 Vaccinated Mothers Transfer Active Antibodies in Milk to Infants

COVID-19 Vaccinated Mothers Transfer Active Antibodies in Milk to Infants

Many U.S. parents breathed a sigh of relief in the fall of 2021 when the Pfizer-BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine received emergency use authorization for anyone five years and older. Although the youngest children are still ineligible for vaccination, infants—who are particularly vulnerable because of their immature immune systems—have access to another source of immune protection: human milk. Read More...

The Future of HIV, with Tenascin-C

The Future of HIV, with Tenascin-C

It has been two decades since breast milk researchers realized that some chemical details of their favorite liquid of inquiry are protective against HIV infection. The protection is far from complete, but it is evident in a statistical anomaly: more than 90% of infants exposed to HIV through the breast milk they drink—their mucosal membranes doused with the virus every few hours, for about two years—never catch it. Read More...

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